Those ‘Five Roots’ [are]:
 Faith [in the] Right Path and Path Supportive Dharma [teachings is] named [the] ‘Faith Root’.
 Practising [the] Right Path and all Path Supportive Good Dharma [teachings], diligently seeking [and] not resting, [is] named ‘Diligence Root’.
 Mindfulness [of the] Right Path and all Path Supportive Good Dharma [teachings], furthermore without other thoughts, [is] named ‘Mindfulness Root’.
 Gathering [the] mind [on the] Right Path and all Path Supportive Good Dharma [teachings] within, corresponding [and] not scattered, [is] named ‘Concentration Root’.
 For [the] Right Path and all Path Supportive Good Dharma [teachings, with] contemplating of suffering [and] other [truths of the] Four [Noble] Truths, [is] named ‘Wisdom Root’.
Those ‘Five Roots’ [are]:
 [With] Faith Root increased, able [to] destroy doubts [and] confusions, destroy all Evil Faiths, and destroy afflictions, [is] named ‘Faith Power’.
 [With] Diligence Root increased, destroying all kinds [of] laxness [and] laziness [of] body [and] mind, accomplishing world-transcendence’s great matter, [is] named ‘Diligence Power’.
 [With] Mindfulness Root increased, destroying all Evil Thoughts, accomplishing all world-transcending Right Mindfulness’ meritorious virtues, [is] named ‘Mindfulness Power’.
 [With] Concentration Root increased, able [to] destroy scattered thoughts, giving rise to all Practices [and] Principles’ meditative concentration, [is] named ‘Concentration Power’.
 [With] Wisdom Root increased, able [to] sever Common, Separate [and] all [other] confusions, giving rise [to realisation of the] truth without outflows, [is] named ‘Wisdom Power’.
[Note: With only wholehearted mindfulness of Buddha (一心念佛), all Five Roots and Five Powers are being cultivated in the moment. With profound (1) Faith, and ongoing (2) Diligence, expressed by (3) Mindfulness of Buddha, there is increase in (4) Concentration, that grows (5) Wisdom. Upon reaching of Pure Land, with its blessings by Āmítuófó, these qualities will most swiftly be perfected.
Common Confusions (通惑) are (Mistaken) Views’ (And) Thoughts’ Confusions (见思惑), which are afflictions (烦恼) that Voice-Hearers (声闻), Conditioned Awakeners (缘觉: Pratyekabuddhas) and Bodhisattvas (菩萨) in common have to sever.
Separate Confusions (别惑) are Dusts’ [And] Sands’ Confusions (尘沙惑) and Ignorance’s Confusion (无明惑), that Bodhisattvas separately have to sever to become Buddhas.
Those who practise mindfulness of Buddha with Practice’s Wholeheartedness (事一心) are able to sever the first. Those who practise with Principles’ Wholeheartedness (理一心) are able to sever the last.]
– Pure Land Tradition’s 9th Patriarch Great Master Ǒuyì
(Essential Explanation [Of The] Sūtra [In Which The] Buddha Speaks [Of] Amitā[bha] Buddha)
Namo Amituofo : Translation and notes by Shen Shi’an
Next Section: The Seven Awakening Factors In Pure Land
Complete English Translation Of ‘The Essential Explanation On The Amitābha Sūtra As Spoken By The Buddha’