[31] The Five Kinds Of Triple Gem Mindful Of In Pure Land 在净土所念之五种三宝


According [to] that desired heard, without [that] not smoothly explained, thus enables those hearing [to be] mindful [of the] Triple Gem, [to] give rise [to the] Bodhi Mind, subdue [and] eradicate afflictions.


Clearly seeing [the Buddha’s] loving-kindness [and] might [that is] inconceivable, thus [with] ‘mindfulness [of the] Buddha’.


[With] Dharma joy entering [the] mind, [and] Dharma flavour abundant, thus [with] ‘mindfulness [of the] Dharma’.


Similarly hearing [and] together endowed, wholeheartedly cultivating [and] realising, thus [with] ‘mindfulness [of the] Saṃgha’.


[Those] able [to be] mindful then, [are with the] Three Contemplations.

[Note 1:

Three Contemplations (三观者):

(1) Emptiness Contemplation (空观) 
(2) Provisional (False[ly Named]) Contemplation (假观)
(3) Middle [Path’s] Contemplation (中观)]

所念三宝,有别相、一体及四教意义、 三谛权实之不同。

That mindful [of, the] Triple Gem, has [those of] Separate Forms’, One Essence’s and Four Teachings’ meanings, [with the] Three Truths, [and with the] Expedient [and] True not [the] same.

[Note 2:

Separate Forms’ Triple Gem (别相三宝):

(1) Buddha Gem (佛宝): Three Dharma, Reward [And] Manifestation Bodies (法报化三身)
(2) Dharma Gem (法宝): Teachings, Practices, Principles [And] Fruits (教行理果)
(3) Saṃgha Gem (僧宝): Three Vehicles’ Noble [And] Virtuous [Ones] (三乘圣贤)

One Body’s Triple Gem (一体三宝):

The Triple Gem’s true Essential Nature (真实体性):

(1) Buddha Gem (佛宝): Oneself’s mind’s wisdom with originally possessed awakening and illumination (自心本具觉照的智慧), that is still yet constantly illuminating (寂而常照).
(2) Dharma Gem (法宝): Oneself’s mind’s originally possessed still concentration’s True Suchness’ Principle Essence (自心本具寂定的真如理体) , that is illuminating yet constantly still (照而常寂).
(3) Saṃgha Gem (僧宝): Those able to contemplate (能观) wisdom and that contemplated (所念) Principles’ Essence (理体) harmoniously joined (和合), with stillness and illumination not two (寂照不二).

Four Teachings’ Buddha Gem (四教佛宝):

Tripiṭaka Teachings (藏教): Attained Buddhahood under the Bodhi Tree, appearing with an ascetic’s inferior (劣) Manifestation Body (应身).
(2) Common Teachings (通教): Attained Buddhahood under the Bodhi Tree with seven treasures (七宝菩提树) in Bōdh Gayā (菩提伽耶), appearing with inferior and superior (劣胜) Manifestation Body (化身).   
(3) Separate Teachings (别教): Attained Buddhahood under the Bodhi Tree with seven treasures in the Lotus Flower Treasury Land (莲华藏世界), appearing with a complete and perfect (圆满) Reward Body (报身).
(4) Complete Teachings (圆教): Attained pure Dharma Body (法身) with empty space as seat (虚空为座).

Four Teachings’ Saṃgha Gem (四教僧宝):

Tripiṭaka Teachings (藏教): With Voice-Hearers (声闻) and Pratyekabuddhas (缘觉) taught and transformed (教化) at the front (正面), and Bodhisattvas (菩萨) brought along by the side (旁带).
(2) Common Teachings (通教): With Bodhisattvas taught and transformed at the front, with Voice-Hearers and Pratyekabuddhas brought along by the side.
(3) Separate Teachings (别教): With teaching and transforming of Bodhisattvas with dull roots (钝根) outside the Three Realms (界外).
(4) Complete Teachings (圆教): With teaching and transforming of Bodhisattvas with sharp dulls (利根) outside the Three Realms.

Three Truths’ Triple Gem (三谛三宝):

(1) Absolute Truth (真谛): Tripiṭaka Teachings (藏教) and Common Teachings (通教)
(2) Conventional (Relative) Truth (俗谛): Separate Teachings (别教)  
(3) Middle (Path’s) Truth (中谛): Complete Teachings (圆教)

Expedient [And] True Triple Gem (权实三宝):

(1) Expedient Triple Gem (权三宝): Tripiṭaka, Common and Separate Teachings (藏通别教)
(2) True Triple Gem (真实三宝): Complete Teachings (圆教)]


As above, [in the] categorically explained path grades, [they] should [be] known.

– 净土宗九祖澫益大师

– Pure Land Tradition’s 9th Patriarch Great Master Ǒuyì
(Essential Explanation [Of The] Sūtra [In Which The] Buddha Speaks [Of] Amitā[bha] Buddha)

Namo Amituofo : Translation and notes by Shen Shi’an

Related Articles:

下文: 净土之鸟如何奇特?
Next Section: How Are Pure Land’s Birds Special?

Complete English Translation Of ‘The Essential Explanation On The Amitābha Sūtra As Spoken By The Buddha’

Please be mindful of your speech, Amituofo!

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

error: Alert: Content is protected !!