How Blessed Rewards, Blessed Virtues And Meritorious Virtues Differ 福报福德与功德有何分别?

Although the below terms are often used interchangeably and loosely, they have the following subtle differences technically.

[1] 福报 = Blessed (福) rewards (报) or blessings, created by [2] good karma (善业).

[2] 善业 = Good karma, created by body, speech and mind (身口意) with self-attachment (我执), leading to better life and better rebirth.

[3] 功德 = Meritorious virtues = merits (功) + virtues (德) = [5] pure karma (净业), created by body speech and mind without self-attachment, leading to Pure Land (净土) and liberation (解脱).

[4] 福德 = Blessed virtues = [1] blessed rewards (福报), created by [2] good karma (善业) + [3] meritorious virtues (功德), created by [5] pure karma (净业).

[5] 净业 = Pure karma also refers to karma to facilitate birth in Pure Land, most directly by mindfulness of Buddha with Faith and Aspiration (信愿念佛).

Please be mindful of your speech, Amituofo!

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.