Translations

[9] Who Are The Arhats In The Amitābha Sūtra Assembly?《阿弥陀经》法会有何罗汉?

丙二、引大众同闻
 
C2: Citing [Of] Great Assembly Together Hearing

分三:初、声闻众,二、菩萨众,三、天人众。

Divided [In] Three [Parts]: First, Voice-Hearer Assembly, Second, Bodhisattva Assembly, Third, Heavenly [And] Human [Beings’] Assembly.

【解】:声闻居首者,出世相故,常随从故,佛法赖僧传故。

[Explanation]: Voice-Hearers [are] those listed first, [as they are with] world-transcending forms thus, constantly following [the Buddha] thus, [as the] Buddha’s Dharma relies [upon the monastic] Samghā’s transmission thus.

菩萨居中者,相不定故,不常随故,表中道义故。

Bodhisattvas [are] those listed [in the] middle, [as their] forms [are] not fixed thus, not constantly following [the Buddha] thus, expressing [the] Middle Path’s meaning thus.

天人列后者,世间相故,凡圣品杂故,外护职故。

Heavenly [and] human [beings are] those listed behind, [as they are with] worldly forms thus, [with] ordinary [and] noble [beings’] grades mixed thus, [with] external protection [as] duty thus.

丁初、声闻众

D1: Voice-Hearer Assembly

又三:初、明类标数,二、表位叹德,三、列上首名。
 
Also [Divided In] Three [Parts]: First, Explanation [Of] Types [And] Stating [Their] Number, Second, Expression [Of] Positions [And] Praise [Of] Virtues, Third, Listing [Of] Foremost Elders’ Names

戊初、明类标数

E1: Explanation [Of] Types [And] Stating [Their] Number

【经】:与大比丘僧,千二百五十人俱,

[Sūtra]: with [the] great Bhikṣus’ Saṃ[gha, one] thousand two hundred [and] fifty persons together, 

【解】:「大比丘」,受具足戒出家人也。

[Explanation]: ‘Great Bhikṣus’, [are] persons [who have] received [the] complete precepts, [who have] left [the] household [life].

「比丘」,梵语,含三义:

‘Bhikṣus’, [in the] Sanskrit language, contains three meanings:

一、「乞士」,一钵资身,无所蓄藏,专求出要。

First, [as] ‘Mendicants’, [with] one alms bowl supporting [the] body, without that stored, focused [on] seeking transcendence [as that] essential.

二、「破恶」,正慧观察,破烦恼恶,不堕爱见。

Second, [as] ‘Destroyers [Of] Evil’, [with] right wisdom examining, breaking afflictions [and] evils, not falling [to be] attached [to] views.

三、「怖魔」,发心受戒,羯磨成就,魔即怖也。

Third, [as] ‘Terrifiers [Of] Demons’, [with] giving rise [to the] aspiration [to] receive [the] precepts, [and] confessions [of transgressions] accomplished, demons [are] immediately terrified.

「僧」者, 具云「僧伽」,此翻「和合众」。

Those ‘Saṃ’, together [are] called [the] Saṃgha, [with] this translated [as the] ‘Harmonious Assembly’.

同证无为解脱,名理和;身同住,口无诤,意同悦,见同解,戒同修,利同均,名事和也。

Together realising unconditioned liberation, [is] named [as in] principle [with] harmony; [with] bodies [in harmony] together abiding [身和同住], mouths [in harmony] without contention [口和无诤], minds [in harmony] together joyous [意和同悦], views [in harmony] together understanding [见和同解], precepts [in harmony] together cultivating [戒和同修], benefits [in harmony] together equal [利和同均], [is] named [as in] practice [with] harmony.

「千二百五十人」者,三迦叶师资共千人,身子、目连师资二百人,耶舍子等五十人。

Those ‘[one] thousand two hundred [and] fifty persons’, [are the] three Kāśyapa teachers [and] students together [with a] thousand persons, Body’s Son’s [i.e. Śariputra] [and] Maudgalyāyana’s [as] teachers [and] students [with] two hundred persons, [and] Yaśa’s Son [and] others [with] fifty persons.

皆佛成道, 先得度脱,感佛深恩,常随从也。

All [are, when the] Buddha accomplished [the] path, [the] first [to] attain deliverance [for] liberation, [thus] grateful [for the] Buddha’s deep kindness, constantly following [him].

戊二、表位叹德

E2: Expression [Of] Positions [And] Praise [Of] Virtues

【经】:皆是大阿罗汉(之位),(其德为)众所知识:

[Sūtra]: All [of whom] are Great Arhats [in position, with their virtues by] many those known,

【解】:「阿罗汉」,亦含三义:

[Explanation]: ‘Arhats’, likewise contains three meanings:

一、「应供」,即乞士果;

First, ‘Worthy [Of] Offerings’, [the] same as [those with] Mendicants’ fruit.

二、「杀贼」,即破恶果;

Second, ‘Killer [Of] Thieves’, [the] same as [those with] Destroyers [Of] Evil’s fruit.

三、「无生」,即怖魔果。

Third, ‘Without Birth’, [the] same as [those with] Terrifiers [Of] Demons’ fruit.

复有慧解脱、俱解脱、无疑解脱三种不同,今是无疑解脱, 故名「大」。

Moreover, having wisdom liberation, complete liberation, [and] doubtless liberation, [with these] three kinds not [the] same, [as they] now are [with] doubtless liberation, thus [are they] named [as] ‘great’.

又本是法身大士,示作声闻,证此净土不思议法,故名「大」也。

Also, originally being [the] Dharma Body’s Great Beings, manifesting as Voice-Hearers, [to] realise this inconceivable Pure Land Dharma [Door], thus [are they] named [as] ‘great’.

从佛转轮,广利人天,故为「众所知识」。

Following [the] Buddha [to] turn [the Dharma] wheel, [to] widely benefit human [and] heavenly [beings], thus [are they ‘by] many those known’.

戊三、列上首名

E3: Listing [Of] Foremost Elders’ Names

【经】:长老舍利弗(此云身子)、摩诃目犍连(大采菽氏)、摩诃迦叶(大饮光)、摩诃迦旃延(大文饰)、摩诃俱絺罗(大膝)、离婆多(星宿)、周利槃陀伽(继道)、难陀(喜)、阿难陀(庆喜)、罗睺罗(覆障)、憍梵波提(牛呞)、宾头卢颇罗堕(不动利根)、迦留陀夷(黑光)、摩诃劫宾那(房宿)、薄拘罗(善容)、阿㝹楼驮(无贫),如是等诸大弟子。

[Sūtra]: [the] Elders Śāriputra [This (is) called ‘Body’s Son’], Mahāmaudgalyāyana [Great Picker (Of) Beans], Mahākāśyapa [Great Drinker (Of) Light], Mahākātyāyana [Great Text Adornment], Mahākauṣṭhila [Great Knees], Revata [Star Constellation], Śuddhipanthaka [Short Path], Nanda [Joy], Ānanda [Bliss], Rāhula [Covering Obstacle], Gavāṃpati [Cow Rumination], Piṇḍola-Bhāradvāja [Immovable Sharp Roots], Kālodayin [Black Light], Mahākapphiṇa [Room Constellation], Vakkula [Good Appearance], Aniruddha [Without Poverty], such [and] other many great disciples.

【解】:德腊俱尊,故名「长老」。

[Explanation]: [With many] virtuous [monastic] years completely honourable, thus [are they] named [as] ‘elders’.

身子尊者,声闻众中,智慧第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Body’s Son’, [of the] Voice-Hearer assembly within, [is with] wisdom foremost.  

目连尊者,神通第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Maudgalyāyana’, [is with] supernormal [powers] foremost.

饮光尊者,身有金光,传佛心印为初祖,头陀行第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Drinker [Of] Light’, [with] body having golden light, transmitted [with the] Buddha’s mind seal as [the] First Patriarch, [is with] asceticism foremost.

文饰尊者,婆罗门种,论议第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Text Adornment’, [of the] Brahmin caste, [is with] debating foremost.

大膝尊者,答问第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Great Knees’, [is with] answering [of] questions foremost.

星宿尊者,无倒乱第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Star Constellation’, [is with] not [being] inverted [and] scattered foremost.

继道尊者,因根钝,仅持一偈,辩才无尽,义持第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Short Path’, due [to] roots [being] dull, [whom] even [with] upholding [of] one verse, [has] eloquence inexhaustible, [is with] meanings upheld foremost.

喜尊者,佛之亲弟,仪容第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Joy’, [is the] Buddha’s blood brother, [with] appearance foremost.

庆喜尊者,佛之堂弟,复为侍者,多闻第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Bliss’, [is the] Buddha’s younger male patrilineal cousin, also as [his] attendant, [with] much hearing [of the Dharma] foremost.

覆障尊者,佛之太子,密行第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Covering Obstacle’, [the] crown prince of [the] Buddha, [is with] secret practice foremost.

牛呞尊者,宿世恶口,感此余报,受天供养第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Cow Rumination’, [due to a] past life’s evil speech, responding [with] this remaining retribution, [is with] receiving [of] heavenly offerings foremost.

不动尊者,久住世间,应末世供,福田第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Immovable’, long abides [in this] world, [to] accept future lives’ [sentient beings’] offerings, [is with the] blessing field foremost.

黑光尊者,为佛使者,教化第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Black Light’, as [the] Buddha’s envoy, [is with] teaching [to] transform foremost.

房宿尊者,知星宿第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Room Constellation’, [is with] knowledge [of the] stellar constellations foremost.

善容尊者,寿命第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Good Appearance’, [is with] lifespan foremost.

无贫尊者,亦佛堂弟,天眼第一。

[The] honoured one ‘Without Poverty’, likewise [is the] Buddha’s younger male patrilineal cousin, [with the] heavenly eye foremost.

此等常随众,本法身大士,示作声闻,为影响众。

These [and] others, [as the] constantly following assembly, originally [are the] Dharma Body’s Great Beings, manifesting as Voice-Hearers, as [the] influencing assembly.

今闻净土摄受功德,得第一义悉檀之益,增道损生,自净佛土,复名当机众矣。

Now hearing [how the] Pure Land gathers [and] receives meritorious virtues, attaining benefits of [the] First Principle Siddhānta, [for] augmenting [the] path, [to] diminish births [and deaths, to] self-purify [their] Buddha Lands, [they are] moreover named [as the] opportune assembly.

– 净土宗九祖澫益大师
《佛说阿弥陀经要解》

– Pure Land Tradition’s 9th Patriarch Great Master Ǒuyì
(Essential Explanation [Of The] Sūtra [In Which The] Buddha Speaks [Of] Amitā[bha] Buddha)

Namo Amituofo : Translation by Shen Shi’an

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《佛说阿弥陀经要解》全英译
Complete English Translation Of ‘The Essential Explanation On The Amitābha Sūtra As Spoken By The Buddha’
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