Question: The Pure Land Tradition’s 2nd Patriarch Great Master Shàndǎo in his ‘Commentary [On The] Contemplation Sūtra [In] Four Fascicles’ said, ‘Only giving rise [to the] one thought [with] revulsion [of] suffering, [and with] joy [for] birth [in] all Buddhas’ realms [via Āmítuófó’s Pure Land, to] swiftly complete Bodhisattvas’ great compassionate vows [and] practices, [by] returning [to] enter birth [and] death [to] universally deliver sentient beings, thus [is this] named [as the] “unsurpassable path’s mind”.’
The Pure Land Tradition’s 9th Patriarch Great Master Ǒuyì in his ‘Essential Explanation [Of The] Amitā[bha] Sūtra As Spoken [By The] Buddha’ said that ‘[with] profound [or deep] Faith giving rise [to the] Aspiration [to be born in Āmítuófó’s Pure Land, this] is [the] “unsurpassable Bodhi” [mind].’ Are these two kinds of minds the same?
Answer: The ‘unsurpassable path’s mind‘ is the ‘unsurpassable Bodhi’ [mind of Bodhicitta]. Being mindful of Buddha, only with Aspiration powered by revulsion of suffering with joy for Pure Land will be able to reach it, to naturally give rise to perfect Bodhicitta for completing Bodhisattva practices with ease. Thus did the 9th Patriarch briefly say that ‘[with] profound [or deep] Faith giving rise [to the] Aspiration [to be born in Āmítuófó’s Pure Land, this] is unsurpassable Bodhi[citta].’
The two explanations can be summarised by this verse –
Verse On Swift Completion
[With] profound Faith giving rise [to] Aspiration,
[is] unsurpassable Bodhi[citta].
[With] birth [in the] Western [Pure Land],
[most] swiftly complete all Bodhisattva practices.
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