[198] In Normal Times And When Approaching Death, Encourage All To Be Mindful Of The Buddha 平时临终,皆劝念佛

[198] [In] Normal Times [And] When Approaching Death, Encourage All [To Be] Mindful [Of The] Buddha


People usually not mindful [of the] Buddha[‘s name: Āmítuófó (阿弥陀佛)], [when] approaching [life’s] end, [with] good friends’ guidance, [and] everyone’s support-chanting, also can [be] reborn [in his Pure Land].

[Note 1: Offering of guidance (开示) is to concisely explain why there should be sincere mindfulness of Buddha, so as to give rise to Faith and Aspiration (信愿), the first two of the Three Provisions (三资粮). Offering of support-chanting (助念) is to show and encourage sincere mindfulness of Buddha till there is connection, to be received and guided by him to reach his Pure Land. This is to give rise to Practice (行), the third provision. For detailed steps, see]


People constantly mindful [of the] Buddha, [when] approaching [life’s] end, if [by] their ignorant family members, in advance for [them] cleaning [their] bodies [and] changing [their] clothes, and asking [them about] all [kinds of] matters, with crying [and] others, due [to] these causes [and] conditions, [which] destroy [their] Right Mindfulness, [are] thereupon difficult [to be] reborn [in Pure Land].

[Note 2: Even if personally having regular practice of mindfulness of Buddha in everyday life, if caregivers around do not understand what to do and not do on one’s deathbed, there might be touching and moving that disturbs one physically, with asking and crying that disturbs one mentally.]


Therefore, of people mindful [of the] Buddha, [they] must enable [their] family members at home, [in] normal times [to] all [be] mindful [too]. Then [when] oneself [is] approaching [life’s] end, they [and] others [are] all able [to offer] support-chanting.

[Note 3: This is why beyond personally understanding and practising mindfulness of Buddha in everyday life and on the deathbed, there should be sharing on it to those close too – so that there can be conscientious offering of right support to one another, instead of accidentally offering sabotage.]


Also, because [of] often speaking [about the] benefits of support-chanting [when] approaching [life’s] end, and [of the] harms of blindly planning, preparing [and] crying, then not going [so far, to be] with [the] filial mind, yet causing relatives [to] still receive [the] great suffering of birth [and] death, thus attaining [the] great benefits of immediate birth [in the] Western [Pure Land].

Pure Land Tradition’s 13th Patriarch Great Master Yìnguāng
Dharma Master Yìnguāng’s Collected Writings (Third Compilation): Proof Of All People [With] Mindfulness [Of] Buddha [Being] Reborn And Not Reborn [In Pure Land];
Record [Of] Great Master Yìnguāng’s Collected Writings’ Essence (198th Short Section): 4th [Chapter]: Discussion [On] Births’ [And] Deaths’ Great Matter: Third, Guidance [On When] Approaching [Life’s] End’s Definite Essentials (8th Short Section)
[Ref: #198 / 4.3.8]

Namo Amituofo : Translation and notes by Shen Shi’an

Complete Text:

Proof Of All People With Mindfulness Of Buddha Being Reborn And Not Reborn In Pure Land

Related Text:

Record Of Great Master Yìnguāng’s Collected Writings’ Essence

Please be mindful of your speech, Amituofo!

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