How Āmítuófó’s 18th Vow Receives Lowest Grade’s Beings 弥陀十八愿如何接引下下品

Āmítuófó’s Mudras When Receiving Beings



Eighteenth Vow [Of] All Born [In] My Land [With] Ten [Mindful] Thoughts

If I attain Buddhahood, [if the] ten directions’ sentient beings, [with] utmost sincere minds [of] joyful faith, desire birth [in] my land, even with ten [mindful] thoughts, should not [be] born [there, I shall] not attain right awakening. Only excluded [are those who with the] Five Heinous [Transgressions, who] slandered [the] right Dharma.

– 释迦牟尼佛:说阿弥陀佛愿

– Śākyamuni Buddha: Speaking On Amitābha Buddha’s Vows
(Immeasurable Life Sūtra)



Low Grade’s Low Birth

The Buddha told Ānanda and Vaidehī, ‘[Of the] Low Grade’s Low Birth, if [there] are sentient beings, [who] created non-good [i.e. evil] karma,

[the] [Departure Cause 1] Five Heinous [Transgressions (五逆罪)] [i.e.

(1) killing of Father (杀父),
(2) killing of Mother (杀母),
(3) killing of Arhat (阿罗汉),
(4) causing Buddha to bleed (初佛身血) and
(5) creating schism in Saṃgha (破和合僧)],

[and the] [Departure Cause 2] Ten Evil [Karmas (十恶业) of

(1) killing (杀生),
(2) stealing (偷盗),
(3) sexual misconduct (邪淫),
(4) lying (妄语),
(5) slander (两舌),
(6) harsh speech (恶口),
(7) useless speech (绮语),
(8) covetousness (贪欲),
(9) hatred (嗔恚) and
(10) false views (邪见)],

complete [with] all [that is] not good,


these such foolish persons, with evil karma thus, [Possible Effect 1] should fall [into the] evil paths, passing through many kalpas, receiving suffering without end.


[Supporting Condition 1] These such foolish persons, when approaching life’s end, [if] meeting good-knowing friends, [who offer] all kinds [of] consolations,
[Supporting Condition 2] for [them] speaking [the] wonderful Dharma, teaching [to] enable [them to be] mindful [of] [Amitā(bha)] Buddha, that person,
[Supporting Condition 3] [if by] suffering compelled, [or with] no time [to be] mindful [of] Buddha, [a] good friend says [these] words, “You, if not able [to be] mindful [of] that Buddha, should recite [the name of] Immeasurable Life Buddha [i.e. Amitāyus Buddha], thus [with a] sincere mind, enabling [the] sound [to] not [be] interrupted, completing ten thoughts, [of] reciting ‘Námó Āmítuófó’.”


[Departure Effect 1] Reciting [the] Buddha’s name thus, within every thought, eradicates eighty koṭis [of] kalpas [of] births’ [and] deaths’ transgressions.
[Departure Effect 2] When life [is] ending, [they will] see [a] golden lotus flower, just like [the] sun, abiding before these persons. As if [in] one thought moment, [they] immediately attain rebirth [in the] Land [Of] Ultimate Bliss.


[Rebirth Effect 1] Within the lotus flowers, completing twelve great kalpas [i.e. 12 days in Sahā World’s time], [the] lotus flower then blossoms. Contemplator [Of The] World’s Sounds [i.e. Guānshìyīn] Bodhisattva [and] Great Power Arrived [i.e. Dàshìzhì] Bodhisattva, with great compassionate voices, [will] for them extensively speak [of] all dharmas’ [i.e. phenomena] true nature, eradicating [their] transgressions [of the] Dharma.
[Rebirth Effect 2] Hearing [this] then, [with] joy, at once, [they] immediately give rise [to the] mind of Bodhi [Bodhicitta].


[These] are named [as] those [of the] Low Grade’s Low Birth. [These, with those of the Low Grade’s Middle and Higher Births] are named [as] perception [of the three] Low Grades [Of] Birth, named [as the] Sixteenth Contemplation.’

– 释迦牟尼佛

– Śākyamuni Buddha
(Contemplation Sūtra)

Namo Amituofo : Translation by Shen Shi’an

Related Article:

Can Those With Heinous Transgressions & Dharma Slander Reach Pure Land?

Please be mindful of your speech, Amituofo!

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