[ii] Eight Forms Of Minds’ Vows 心愿八相 [iii] Truly Right Bodhi Mind 真正菩提心

B2: Criteria Of Differentiation [Of] Minds’ Vows For Establishing Practices

[ii] Eight Forms [Of] Minds’ Vows


However, [as] minds’ vows differ, their forms [are] thus many, if not pointing [out and] stating [them], how [can we know which] inclination [to follow]? Now, for [this] great assembly, briefly then speaking of [their] forms, [there] are these eight, those called [1] evil [and] [2] right, [3] true [and] [4] false, [5] great [and] [6] small, [7] partial [and] [8] complete.


What [are] named as [1] evil [and] [2] right, [3] true [and] [4] false, [5] great [and] [6] small, [7] partial [and] [8] complete?

[1] Evil Bodhi Mind


[The] world has practitioners, all along cultivating practices, not examining [their] own minds, only knowing [about] external matters, perhaps seeking gain, perhaps fond [of] fame, perhaps greedy [for this] present life’s desires’ pleasures, perhaps hoping [for] future fruits [of] reward. Thus giving rise [to the Bodhi] Mind, [is] named as [1] evil.

[2] Right Bodhi Mind


Both not seeking gain [and] fame, [and] also not [with] greedy desires [for] pleasures [and] fruits [of] reward, only for [liberating from the cycle of] birth [and] death, for [attaining] Bodhi. Thus giving rise [to the Bodhi] Mind, [is] named as [2] right.

[3] True Bodhi Mind


Moment [after] moment [with] higher seeking [of the] Buddha path, thought [after] thought [with] lower transforming [of] sentient beings. Hearing [that the] Buddha path [is] long [and] far, not giving rise [to] retreating [in] fear. Contemplating [that] sentient beings [are] difficult [to] deliver, not giving rise [to] weariness.


Like climbing [a] mountain of ten thousand rèns [i.e. eighty thousand feet], [there] must [be] ending [at] its peak. Like ascending [a] pagoda of nine storeys, [there] must [be] arriving [at] its top. Thus giving rise [to the Bodhi] Mind, [is] named as [3] true.

[4] False Bodhi Mind


Having transgressions [and] not repenting [for them], having faults [and] not eliminating [them. With] inner defilements [and] outer purity, [in the] beginning diligent [and in the] end lazy. Although having [a] good heart, mostly for fame [and] gain, [with] those mixed. Although having good practices, again by transgressive karmas, [with] those defiled. Thus giving rise [to the Bodhi] Mind, [is] named as [4] false.

[5] Great Bodhi Mind


[With] sentient beings’ realms exhausted, my vows [will] then end. [With the] Bodhi path accomplished, my vows [will] then [be] accomplished. Thus giving rise [to the Bodhi] Mind, [is] named as [5] great.

[6] Small Bodhi Mind


Contemplating [the] three realms [be] like [a] prison, regarding birth [and] death [to be] like enemies. Only looking forward to self-deliverance, not desiring [to] deliver others. Thus giving rise [to the Bodhi] Mind, [is] named as [6] small.

[7] Partial Bodhi Mind


If at [the] mind outside seeing existing sentient beings, and with [the] Buddha path, aspiring [to] deliver [them, [and] aspiring [to] accomplish [the path, with] meritorious virtues not forgotten, [and with wrong] knowledge [and] insights not eliminated. Thus giving rise [to the Bodhi] Mind, [is] named as [7] partial.

[8] Complete Bodhi Mind


If knowing self-nature is [the same as] sentient beings, thus vowing [to] deliver [and] liberate [them. As] self-nature is [the same as the] Buddha path, thus vowing [to] accomplish [it]. Not seeing one dharma [as] apart [from the] mind separately existing, with [the] mind of emptiness, giving rise [to] vows of emptiness, practising [the] practices of emptiness, realising [the] fruits of emptiness, also without [the] form of emptiness [that] can [be] attained. Thus giving rise [to the Bodhi] Mind, [is] named as [8] complete.

[iii] Truly Right Bodhi Mind


Knowing these eight kinds [of] differences, then know [how to] carefully examine them. Knowing [how to] carefully examine [them], then know [which to] reject [and] accept. Knowing [which to] reject [and] accept, then can [there be] giving rise [to the Bodhi] Mind.


How [to] carefully examine? That called my given rise mind, of these eight within, is [it] [1] evil [or] is [it] [2] right, is [it] [3] true [or] is [it] [4] false, is [it] [5] great [or] is [it] [6] small, is [it] [7] partial [or] is [it] [8] complete?


How [to] reject [and] accept? That [is] called [to] reject [the] [1] evil, reject [the] [4] false, reject [the] [6] small, reject [the] [7] partial, [and to] accept [the] [2] right, accept [the] [3] true, accept [the] [5] great, accept [the] [8] complete. Thus, thus giving rise [to the Bodhi] Mind, then is named as [iii] truly right [i.e. genuine] giving rise [to the] Bodhi Mind.

Pure Land Tradition’s 11th Patriarch Great Master Xǐng’ān
Essay [On] Exhortation [To] Give Rise [To The] Bodhi Mind

Namo Amituofo : Translation and notes by Shen Shi’an

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[iv] Bodhi Mind’s Ten Kinds Of Causes And Conditions

Complete Text:

Essay On Exhortation To Give Rise To The Bodhi Mind

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