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Faith & Aspiration In The Three Pure Land Sūtras《净土三经》之信愿

《观经》三心与《大经》摄生三愿之关系
Connections Of The Contemplation Sūtra’s
Three Minds With The Greater Sūtra’s Three Vows For Gathering Sentient Beings

往生的先决前提是信愿,乃《观经》中所述三心:至诚心、深心、回向发愿心。这三心内涵亦是贯摄于此三愿,即[《无量寿经》]十八愿表述为“至心信乐欲生”,十九愿表述为“至心发愿欲生”,二十愿表述为“至心回向欲生”,此乃三愿之共同点。  

大安法师
《净土百问》: 第(30)问

As rebirth [in Pure Land’s] prerequisites are Faith and Aspiration [that power Practice], thus in the Contemplation Sūtra within, are those stated Three Minds: the utmost sincere mind, the profound [faithful] mind, and the mind of dedication with giving rise of aspiration [to be born]. These Three Minds’ meanings are likewise connected and gathered in these three vows, that is the same as the [Immeasurable Life Sūtra’s] 18th vow, expressed as ‘with the sincere mind of joyful faith, desiring birth’, in the 19th vow, expressed as, ‘with the sincere mind give rise to the aspiration, of desiring birth’, and in the 20th vow, expressed as, ‘with the sincere mind dedicating, desiring birth’. These thus, are the common points of the three vows.

Dharma Master Dà’ān
(Pure Land’s Hundred Questions): 30th Question

《净土三经》之信愿
Faith And Aspiration In The Three Pure Land Sūtras

《阿弥陀经》:「若有信者,应当发愿,生彼国土。」

Amitābha Sūtra: ‘If there are those with faith, they should vow, to be born in that land.’

《观经》:「一者至诚心,二者深心,三者回向发愿心。具三心者,必生彼国。」

Contemplation Sūtra: ‘First is the utmost sincere mind, second is the profound [faithful] mind, and third is the mind of dedication with giving rise of aspiration to be born. Those complete with these three minds, will definitely be born in that land.’

《无量寿经》:
【第十八愿】:「至心信乐,欲生我国」
【第十九愿】:「至心发愿,欲生我国」
【第二十愿】:「至心回向,欲生我国」

Immeasurable Life Sūtra:
[18th Vow]: ‘With the sincere mind of joyful faith,
desiring birth in my land’
[19th Vow]
: ‘With the sincere mind give rise to the aspiration,
of desiring birth in my land’
[20th Vow]
: ‘With the sincere mind dedicating,
desiring birth in my land’

以至诚心贯摄深(信乐)心与回向发愿心而行,成信愿行三资粮。

With the utmost sincere mind, connecting and gathering the profound (joyful and faithful) mind and the mind of dedication with giving rise of aspiration, then having Practice, forming the Three Provisions of Faith, Aspiration and Practice.

相关教理
Related Teachings:

三资粮
The Three Provisions
https://purelanders.com/2018/02/08/the-three-provisions

《观经》三心
The ‘Contemplation Sūtra’s Three Minds
https://purelanders.com/2019/02/03/the-three-minds-in-the-contemplation-sutra

《阿弥陀经》
Amitābha Sūtra
purelanders.com/sutra

《无量寿经》摄生三愿
‘Immeasurable Life Sūtra’s Three Vows For Gathering Sentient Beings
https://purelanders.com/2020/04/28/05-fifth-chapter-on-giving-rise-to-great-vows

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