Excerpts General Articles Sutras

Pure Karma’s Three Blessings 净业三福 Pure Karma’s Right Causes 净业正因

Introduction:

In the Contemplation Sūtra (观经), Śākyamuni Buddha taught that those who wish to be born in Amitābha Buddha’s [Āmítuófó] Pure Land should cultivate the Three Blessings (三福/ 三福业/ 净业三福/ 净业正因), which are also the timeless causes of Buddhahood. They are related to the teaching from the Amitā[bha] Sūtra (阿弥陀经), that ‘[one] cannot, with few good roots’ blessed virtues [as] causal connections, attain birth [in] that land’. (不可以少善根福德因缘,得生彼国) As such, the Three Blessings can extend good roots’ blessed virtues, increasing blessings and meritorious virtues, to strengthen causal connections.

Along with these factors, the key criteria for successful birth in Pure Land still relies upon having sustained wholehearted Practice with mindfulness of Āmítuófó’s name, based on having profound Faith in him, and having sincere Aspiration to reach his Pure Land – as these are stated in Āmítuófó’s 18th vow. With these interconnected causes and conditions, the Three Provisions of Faith, Aspiration and Practice (三资粮: 信愿行) for Main Practice (正行), and the Three Blessings for Supportive Practices (助行) , reach of Pure Land with higher grades of birth is further guaranteed.

观无量寿佛经:

「欲生彼国者,当修三福。

一者,孝养父母 ,奉事师长,慈心不杀,修十善业。
二者,受持三归,具足众戒,不犯威仪。
三者,发菩提心,深信因果,读诵大乘,劝进行者。

如此三事名为「净业」。」

佛告韦提希:「汝今知不?此三种业乃是过去、未来、现在,三世诸佛净业正因。」

Sūtra On Contemplation Of Immeasurable Life Buddha:

‘Those [who] wish [to be] born [in] that [Pure] Land [of Āmítuófó], should cultivate [these] Three Blessings.

[1] First, [is]

  • [i] [with] filial support [of their] Fathers [and] Mothers,
  • [ii] [to] attend [to their] teachers [and] seniors,
  • [iii] [with the] heart [of] loving-kindness not kill, [and]
  • [iv] cultivate [the] Ten Good Karmas [i.e. ten wholesome deeds].

[Abstention from (不):

  1. killing (杀生)
  2. stealing (偷盗)
  3. sexual misconduct (邪淫)
  4. false speech (妄语)
  5. two-tongued [i.e. divisive] speech (两舌)
  6. harsh speech (恶口)
  7. frivolous [i.e. idle] speech (绮语)
  8. greed (贪欲)
  9. hatred (瞋恚)
  10. delusion (邪见)]

[2] Second, [is]

  • [i] [to] receive [and] uphold [the] Threefold Refuge,
  • [ii] [be] complete [with] various precepts [i.e. Five/ Eight/ Bodhisattva/ Monastic Precepts], [and] 
  • [iii] not break [rules of] comportment [i.e. harmonious customs not against the precepts].

[3] Third, [is]

  • [i] [to] give rise [to the] Bodhi mind, [i.e. Bodhicitta],
  • [ii] [have] profound faith [in the law of] cause [and] effect [i.e. karma],
  • [iii] [to] read [and] recite [the] Great Vehicles’s [sūtras, and] 
  • [iv] [to] encourage practitioners [to] advance.

These three matters [are] named [as] “pure karma”.’

[Śākyamuni] Buddha told Vaidehī, ‘[Do] you now know not? These three kinds [of] karma are past, future [and] present, all [the] three periods’ Buddhas pure karma’s right causes.

Namo Amituofo : Translation by Shen Shi’an

相关文章
Related Articles:

观经三福
The Contemplation Sūtra’s Three Blessings
https://purelanders.com/2019/02/04/the-contemplation-sutras-three-blessings

观经三心
The Contemplation Sūtra’s Three Minds
https://purelanders.com/2019/02/03/the-three-minds-in-the-contemplation-sutra

Please be mindful of your speech, Amituofo!

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

error: Alert: Content is protected !!