Translations

[42] Main Guidance For Main Pure Land Practice 正示净土正行

乙三、正示行者执持名号以立行

B3: Main Guidance [For] Practitioners [To] Uphold [The] Name For Establishing Practice

分二:初、正示无上因果,二、重劝。

Divided [In] Two [Parts]: First, Main Guidance [On] Unsurpassable Cause [And] Effect, Second, Repeated Exhortation.

丙初、正示无上因果

C1: Main Guidance [On] Unsurpassable Cause [And] Effect

【经】: 舍利弗,不可以少善根、福德、因缘得生彼国。舍利弗,若有善男子、善女人,闻说阿弥陀佛,执持名号,若一日、若二日、若三日、若四日、若五日、 若六日、若七日,一心不乱,其人临命终时,阿弥陀佛与诸圣众,现在其前。是人终时,心不颠倒,即得往生阿弥陀佛极乐国土。

[Sūtra]: Śāriputra, [one] cannot, with few good roots [and] blessed virtues [as] cause and condition, attain birth [in] that land. Śāriputra, if [there] are good men [and] good women, [who] hear [this] said [about] Amitā Buddha, [faithfully and] firmly uphold [mindfulness of his] name [i.e. Āmítuófó], if [for] one day, if [for] two days, if [for] three days, if [for] four days, if [for] five days, if [for] six days, if [for] seven days, wholeheartedly without [being] scattered, when these persons approach life’s end, Amitā Buddha, with many [in his] noble assembly [will] appear before them. When these persons’ [lives are] end[ing, their] minds [will] not [be] inverted, [and they will] immediately attain rebirth [in] Amitā Buddha’s Land [Of] Ultimate Bliss.

【解】: 菩提正道名「善根」,即亲因。  

[Explanation]: [Practising] Bodhi’s right path [is] named [as having] ‘good roots’, the same as [the] close cause.  

种种助道施、 戒、禅等名「福德」,即助缘。

[Having] all kinds [of practices that] support [the] path, [such as] generosity, [upholding] precepts, meditation [and] others [are] named [as] ‘blessed virtues’, [that are] the same as supportive conditions. 

声闻独觉菩提善根少,人天有漏福业福德少,皆不可生净土。

Voice-Hearers [Śrāvakas] [and] Lone Awakeners [i.e. Pratyekabuddhas] [with] Bodhi’s good roots few, human [and] heavenly [beings with] blessed karma [and] blessed virtues with outflows few, all cannot [be] born [in] Pure Land.

唯以信愿执持名号,则一一声悉具多善根福德。

Only with Faith [and] Aspiration firmly upholding [the] name [of Āmítuófó], thus [is with] each [and] every one recitation all complete [with] many good roots [and] blessed virtues.

散心称名,福善亦不可量,况一心不乱哉!

[With a] scattered mind reciting [the] name, bless[ed virtues and] good [roots] likewise cannot [be] measured, moreover [if with] wholeheartedness without [being] scattered!    

故使感应道交,文成印坏。

Thus enabling connection [and] response [for] mutual interaction, [when the] text forms, [the] seal spoils.

弥陀圣众,不来而来,亲垂接引;

Āmítuófó [and his] noble assembly, [will] not come yet [also] come, personally approaching [to] receive [and] guide.

行人心识,不往而往,托质宝莲也。

Practitioners’ minds’ consciousness, [will be] not reborn yet reborn, [as] entrusted [to their] treasure lotuses.  

善男女者,不论出家在家,贵贱老少,六趣四生,但闻佛名,即多劫善根成熟,五逆十恶皆名「善」也。

Those good men [and] women, regardless [of those who have] left [the] household [life or in the] household [life], noble [or] lowly, old [or] young, [of the] Six Realms [and] Four Births, [even if] only hearing [the] Buddha’s name, [are] at that time, [with] many kalpas’ good roots maturing. [Even those with the] Five Heinous [Transgressions [and] Ten Evils, [are] all named [as] ‘good’.

[Note 1:

Six Realms (六趣) /
Six Paths (六道):

(1)
Hell-beings’ path (地狱)
(2) Hungry ghosts’ path (饿鬼)
(3) Animals’ path (畜生)
(4) Human beings’ path (人)
(5) Asuras’ path (阿修罗)
(6) Heavenly beings’ path (天人)

Four Births (四生):

(1) Egg birth (卵)
(2) Womb birth (胎)
(3) Moisture birth (湿)
(4) Manifestation birth (化)]

阿弥陀佛是万德洪名,以名召德,罄无不尽,故即以执持名号为正行,不必更涉观想、参究等行,至简易、至直捷也。

[As] Āmítuófó is [the] great name [of] ten thousand virtues, with [the] name beckoning virtues, without exhausting [the] inexhaustible, thus then [is] with firmly upholding [of the] name as [the] Main Practice. Not needing [to] also involve [in] visualisation, investigation [and] other practices, [it is] utmost easy, [and] utmost straightforward.

闻而信,信而愿,乃肯执持。

[With] listening then [having] Faith, [having] Faith then [having] Aspiration, then [is there] willingness [to] firmly uphold [the name].

不信不愿, 与不闻等,虽为远因,不名闻慧。

Not [having] Faith, not [having] Aspiration, with not listening [and] others, although as [a] distant cause, [these are] not named [as] Wisdom [From] Listening.

执持则念念忆佛名号,故是思慧。

[To] firmly uphold thus, [from] thought [to] thought recollecting [the] Buddha’s name, thus is Wisdom [From] Reflection.

[Note 2:

Three Wisdoms (三慧):

(1) Wisdom From Listening (闻慧)
(2) Wisdom From Reflection (思慧)
(3) Wisdom From Cultivation (修慧)]

然有事持理持。

However, [there] are [those with] Practice Upheld [and] Principles Upheld.

事持者,信有西方阿弥陀佛,而未达「是心作佛、是心是佛」,但以决志愿求生故,如子忆母,无时暂忘。  

Those [with] Practice Upheld, [have] Faith [in the] Western Āmítuófó, but [have] yet [to] reach [the state of ‘it] is [the] mind [that] becomes [Buddha, it] is [the] mind [that] is Buddha’, only with determined Aspiration [to] seek birth thus, like [a] child recollecting [the] Mother, with no time temporarily forgetting [this].

理持者,信西方阿弥陀佛是我心具,是我心造,即以自心所具所造洪名为系心之境,令不暂忘也。

Those [with] Principles Upheld, [have] Faith [that the] Western Āmítuófó is [in] my mind complete, is [in] my mind created, then with oneself’s mind, that completed [and] that created great name, as [the] realm [for] fastening [the] mind, enabling [it to] not [be] temporarily forgotten.

一日至七日者,克期办事也。

Those [upholding for] one day to seven days, [are] within [this] time frame carrying out [their] practice.

利根一日即不乱,

[Those of] sharp roots [with] one day [are] then not scattered.

钝根七日方不乱,

[Those of] dull roots [with] seven days [are] then not scattered.

中根二、三、四、五、六日不定。

[Those of] medium roots [with] two, three, four, five [or] six, [with] days not fixed.

又利根能七日不乱,

Also, [those of] sharp roots [are] able [to be with] seven days not scattered.

钝根仅一日不乱,

[Those of] dull roots, only [with] one day not scattered.

中根六、五、四、三、二日不定。

[Those of] medium roots [with] six, five, four, three [or] two, [with] days not fixed.

一心亦二种。

Wholeheartedness likewise has two kinds.

不论事持、理持,持至伏除烦恼,乃至见思先尽,皆事一心。

Regardless [of with] Practice Upheld, [or] Principles Upheld, upholding until subduing [and] eradicating afflictions, even until [mistaken] views [and] thoughts [are] first exhausted, all [are with] Practice’s Wholeheartedness.

不论事持、理持, 持至心开见本性佛,皆理一心。

Regardless [of with] Practice Upheld, [or] Principles Upheld, upholding until [the] mind opens [to] see Original Nature’s Buddha, all [are with] Principles’ Wholeheartedness.

事一心不为见思所乱,理一心不为二边所乱,即修慧也。

[With] Practice’s Wholeheartedness not by [mistaken] views [and] thoughts that [are] scattered, [and with] Principles’ Wholeheartedness not by [the] two [extreme] sides that [are] scattered, is the same as Wisdom [From] Cultivation.

不为见思乱,故感变化身佛及诸圣众现前,心不复起娑婆界中三有颠倒,往生同居、方便二种极乐世界。    

[Those] not by [mistaken] views [and] thinking scattered, thus connect [to a] Manifestation Body’s Buddha and many [in his] noble assembly, [who] appear before [them, with their] minds not again giving rise [to the] Sahā World within’s Three Existences’ inversions, [to be] reborn in the] Together Dwelling [Land, and the] Expedience [Land, of these] two kinds [in the] Land [Of] Ultimate Bliss.

[Note 3:

Three Existences (三有) /
Three Realms (三界):

(1) Desire Realm (欲界)
(2) Form Realm (色界)
(3) Formless Realm (无色界)]

不为二边乱,故感受用身佛及诸圣众现前, 心不复起生死涅槃二见颠倒,往生实报、寂光二种极乐世界。

[Those] not by [the] two [extreme] sides scattered, thus connect [to the] Enjoyment Body’s Buddha and many [in his] noble assembly, [who] appear before [them, with their] minds not again giving rise [to the] two views inverted [on forms of the cycle of] births [and] deaths, [and emptiness of] Nirvāṇa, [to be] reborn [in the] True Reward [Land, and the] Still Light [Land, of these] two kinds [in the] Land [Of] Ultimate Bliss.

当知执持名号,既简易直捷,仍至顿至圆。

[It] should [be] known [that] upholding [the] name, [is] both easy [and] straightforward, yet [able to lead to] utmost sudden [and] utmost complete [awakening].

以念念即佛故,不劳观想,不必参究,当下圆明,无余无欠。

With thought [to] thought the same as [the] Buddha thus, not exhausting [with] visualisation, not needing investigation, at once completely understanding, without surplus [and] without lack.

上上根不能踰其阃,下下根亦能臻其域。

[Those] highest [of] high [spiritual] roots [are] not able [to] exceed its threshold, [and those] lowest [of] low [spiritual] roots [are] likewise able [to] reach its land[s].

其所感佛,所生土,往往胜进,亦不一概。

[As] their that connected Buddha, [and] that born land, [are] often [with] Superior Entry, [they are] also not all [the same]. 

[Note 4: This refers to those with Superior Entry Received (胜进接), who are the opposite of those According (To) Position (Received) (按位接).]      

可谓横该八教,竖彻五时。

[This] can [be] said [to be] horizontally complete [with the] Eight Teachings, [and to] vertically pervade [the] Five Periods.

[Note 5:

Five Periods (五时):

(1) Flower Adornment (Avataṃsaka) Period (华严时)
(2) Āgama Period (阿含时)
(3) Vaipulya (Right [And] Equal) Period (方等时)
(4) Prajñā Period (般若时)
(5) Dharma Flower [And] Nirvāṇa Period (法华涅槃时)

Eight Teachings (八教):

Transformative Methods’ Four Teachings (化仪四教):


(1) Sudden Teaching (顿教)
(2) Gradual Teaching (渐教)
(3) Secret Teaching (秘密教)
(4) Indefinite Teaching (不定教)

Transformative Dharma’s Four Teachings (化法四教):
 
(5)
Tripiṭaka Teaching (藏教)
(6) CommonTeaching (通教)
(7) Separate Teaching (别教)
(8) Complete Teaching (圆教)]  

所以彻底悲心,无问自说,且深叹其难信也。

Therefore with [the] complete heart [of] compassion, without [being] asked self spoken, further profoundly exclaiming it [to be] difficult [to have] Faith [in].

– 净土宗九祖澫益大师
《佛说阿弥陀经要解》

– Pure Land Tradition’s 9th Patriarch Great Master Ǒuyì
(Essential Explanation [Of The] Sūtra [In Which The] Buddha Speaks [Of] Amitā[bha] Buddha)

Namo Amituofo: Translation and notes by Shen Shi’an

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https://purelanders.com/2019/09/29/why-focus-on-buddha-recitation-not-visualisation

《佛说阿弥陀经要解》全英译
Complete English Translation Of ‘The Essential Explanation On The Amitābha Sūtra As Spoken By The Buddha’
https://purelanders.com/yaojie

以上讲解: 《佛说阿弥陀经要解讲记》第 310-335 页
http://www.donglin.org/wenku/4/4-05%E5%BC%A5%E9%99%80%E8%A6%81%E8%A7%A3%E8%AE%B2%E8%AE%B0%E2%80%94%E5%AE%97%E6%9F%B1%E6%B3%95%E5%B8%88%2020160630.pdf

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