Q&A

How Blessed Rewards, Blessed Virtues And Meritorious Virtues Differ 福报福德与功德有何分别?

Although the below terms are often used interchangeably and loosely, they have the following subtle differences technically.

[1] 福报 = Blessed (福) rewards (报) or blessings, created by [2] good karma (善业).

[2] 善业 = Good karma, created by body, speech and mind (身口意) with self-attachment (我执), leading to better life and better rebirth.

[3] 功德 = Meritorious virtues = merits (功) + virtues (德) = [5] pure karma (净业), created by body speech and mind without self-attachment, leading to Pure Land (净土) and liberation (解脱).

[4] 福德 = Blessed virtues = [1] blessed rewards (福报), created by [2] good karma (善业) + [3] meritorious virtues (功德), created by [5] pure karma (净业).

[5] 净业 = Pure karma also refers to karma to facilitate birth in Pure Land, most directly by mindfulness of Buddha with Faith and Aspiration (信愿念佛).

Please be mindful of your speech, Amituofo!

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