Translations

[8] When & Where Was Amitābha Sūtra Taught By The Buddha? 佛在何时处教《阿弥陀经》?

甲初、序分

A1: Preface Section

分二:初、通序,二、别序。

Divided [Into] Two [Parts]: First, Common Preface, Second, Separate Preface.

乙初、通序

B1: Common Preface

中二:初、标法会时处,二、引大众同闻。

Within [With] Two [Parts]: First, Stating [Of] Dharma Assembly’s Time [And] Place, Second, Citing [Of] Great Assembly Together Hearing.

丙初、标法会时处

C1: Stating [Of] Dharma Assembly’s Time [And] Place

【经】:如是我闻,一时佛在舍卫国祇树给孤独园。

[Sūtra]: Thus is [as] I [have] heard. [At] one time, [the] Buddha [was] at Śrāvastī city’s Jeta Grove [And] Giver[-To-The-]Lonely Garden.

【解】:「如是」,标「信顺」。

[Explanation]: ‘Thus’, states [to ‘have] faith [in and to] follow [accordingly]’.

「我闻」,标「师承」。  

‘I [have] heard’, states ‘[from the] teacher received’.

「一时」,标「机感」。

‘One time’, states [the] ‘opportunity [and] response’ [being appropriate].

「佛」,标「教主」。

[The] ‘Buddha’, states [the] ‘master teacher’.

「舍卫」等,标「说经处」也。

‘Śrāvastī’ [and] others, states [the] ‘place [the] sūtra [was] spoken’.

实相妙理,古今不变,名「如」。

True Form’s wonderful principles, [from] ancient [times till] today unchanging, [are] named ‘thus’.

依实相理, 念佛求生净土,决定无非,曰「是」。

Relying [upon] True Form’s principles, [being] mindful [of] Buddha [to] seek birth [in his] Pure Land, [which is] definitely without mistake, [is] said [as] ‘is’.

实相非我非无我,阿难不坏假名,故仍称「我」。

True Form [is] not ‘I’ [and] not without ‘I’. Ānanda, not destroying [his] false name, thus [is] still called ‘I’.

耳根发耳识,亲聆圆音,如空印空,名「闻」。

[With the] ear root giving rise [to the] ear consciousness, personally understanding clearly [the Buddha’s] perfect voice, like emptiness sealing [upon] emptiness, [this is] named ‘heard’.

「时」无实法,以师资道合,说听周足,名「一时」。

‘Time’ [is] without true dharmas, [yet] with [the] teacher [and] students’ paths combined, [with] speaking [and] hearing complete [and] adequate, [this is] named ‘one time’.

自觉觉他,觉行圆满,人天大师,名「佛」。

Self-awakened [and] awakening others, [with] awakening’s practices perfected, [as] human [and] heavenly [beings’] great teacher, [he is] named ‘the Buddha’.

「舍卫」,此云「闻物」,中印度大国之名,波斯匿王所都也。

[On] ‘Śrāvastī’, this [is] called ‘Famous Objects’, [the] name of central India’s great country, [also] King Prasenajit’s place [as its] capital.

匿王太子名「祇陀」,此云「战胜」。   

King Prasenajit’s Prince [was] named ‘Jeta’. This [is] called ‘Battle Victory’.

匿王大臣名「须达多」,此云「给孤独」。

King Prasenajit’s great minister [was] named ‘Sudatta’. This [is] called ‘Giver-[To-The-]Lonely’ [i.e. Anāthapiṇḍada].

给孤长者布金买太子园,供佛及僧,祇陀感叹,施余未布少地,故并名「祇树给孤独园」也。

[When the] Elder Giver[-To-The-]Lonely spread gold [to] buy [the] Prince’s garden, [to] offer [to the] Buddha and [the] Samghā, [Prince] Jeta exclaimed [in surprise, and] gave [the] remaining little land yet [to be] spread, thus [is the place] together named ‘Jeta Grove [And] Giver[-To-The-]Lonely Garden’.

– 净土宗九祖澫益大师
《佛说阿弥陀经要解》

– Pure Land Tradition’s 9th Patriarch Great Master Ǒuyì
(Essential Explanation [Of The] Sūtra [In Which The] Buddha Speaks [Of] Amitā[bha] Buddha)

Namo Amituofo : Translation by Shen Shi’an

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《佛说阿弥陀经要解》全英译
Complete English Translation Of ‘The Essential Explanation On The Amitābha Sūtra As Spoken By The Buddha’
https://purelanders.com/yaojie

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