The Treatise On Ten Doubts About Pure Land
Written by Sui Dynasty’s Tiantai Tradition’s Great Master Zhizhe
Brief Introduction Of Author
智者大师（538–597年），也称智顗，是中国佛教天台宗四祖，天台宗的实际创始人。时人称之为东土小释迦。 他十八岁投湘州果愿寺法绪出家，二十三岁拜南岳慧思为师，修习禅法，证得法华三昧。 他依《妙法莲华经》立五时八教的判教理论。树立新的宗义，发扬一念三千，圆融三谛的思想，立一心三观，及止观双修的原则。 由智者大师所作，《净土十疑论》是净宗九祖蕅益大师选定在净土十要的第四要。也是一本在净土法门黄金时代的照明论文。这本杰作不但延续广答关于净土法门的一般疑问，也巩固人们对它的信心。
Great Master Zhizhe (538–597 CE), also named Zhiyi, is Chinese Buddhism’s Tiantai Tradition’s Fourth Patriarch, and its actual founder. He was also called the Eastern Land’s (China) Little Śākya(muni Buddha) by those of his time. He left home to become a monk at the age of 18 in Xiangzhou’s Guoyuan Monastery through Master Faxu. At 23, he became Master Nanyue Huisi’s disciple, practised meditation and realised the Dharma Flower Samādhi. He relied on the Wonderful Dharma Lotus Flower Sūtra to establish the Five Periods And Eight Teachings as a theoretical basis for classification of the Buddha’s teachings. Setting up a new tradition’s system, he developed the teachings of Three Thousand Worlds In A Single Thought, perspectives for perfect harmonisation of the Three Truths, One Mind With Three Truths, and principles of the dual cultivation of Stopping And Seeing. Written by Great Master Zhizhe, The Treatise On Ten Doubts About Pure Land was chosen by the Pure Land Tradition’s Ninth Patriarch Great Master Ouyi, as the fourth of ten essential Pure Land texts. Also an illuminating treatise composed in the Golden Age of the Pure Land tradition, this masterpiece not only continues to extensively answer common doubts about the Pure Land teachings, it also fortifies our faith in them.
除了《净土十疑论》，智者大师关于净土法门的著作包括《观无量寿佛经疏》、 《阿弥陀经义记》、《五方便念佛門》等亦多偏赞净土。甚至《摩诃止观》述四种三昧，其中常行三昧，即是专持念阿弥陀佛之净土行 。 智者大师六十岁入涅槃。临命终时，大师亦右西向，闻唱《法华》、《无量寿》二经，並赞劝往生弥陀净土。 大师往生前，则言「吾诸师友，今从观音势至，皆来迎我。」
Other than The Treatise On Ten Doubts About Pure Land, Great Master Zhizhe’s works on the Pure Land teachings include the Commentary On The Sūtra Of Contemplation On The Buddha Of Immeasurable Life, Record On The Meaning Of The Amitābha Sūtra, Five Expedient Means To Practise The Dharma Door Of Mindfulness Of Buddha, and many other works also particularly praising Pure Land. Even the Great Stopping And Seeing states four kinds of samādhis, among which is Constant Movement Samādhi, which is a Pure Land practice to uphold focused mindfulness of Amituofo (Amitābha Buddha). Great Master Zhizhe entered Parinirvāṇa at the age of 60. When approaching the end of life, the Great Master laid on his right and faced west, reciting the Lotus Sūtra and the Immeasurable Life Sūtra, also praising and encouraging rebirth in Amituofo’s Pure Land. Before the Great Master took rebirth, he said, ‘To all my teachers and friends, as of now, Guan[shi]yin (Avalokiteśvara Bodhisattva) and [Da]shizhi (Mahāsthāmaprāpta Bodhisattva) are all here to welcome [and receive] me [for birth in Amituofo’s Pure Land].’